Which small round lung foci are dangerous? How can AI help? Part 1
Lung cancer has many causes. Genetic disposition and smoking behaviour are two of them.
Irrespective of the cause, radiographic and Computed Tomography (CT) images almost always show small round lung foci at first, which develop into larger, later no longer completely removable tumours. Many health organizations have been running early detection programs for lung cancer for years. The problem with screening: even small round foci that would never degenerate into malignant tumours are seen in these examinations, and for quite some time they do not differ from malignant tumours. The consequence is that such false-positive findings increase with the number of patients screened, and unnecessary checks and treatments increase the extent of radiation administration and the costs in the health care system.